In depth analysis and explanation of retrospective and prospective molecular biotechnology methods. Most often utilized physiological models employed in the laboratory. Up-to-date education regarding medical laboratory analysis and interpretation of patient results. Medical pathophysiology of disease broken down into its respective pathological state and normal physiological mode.
Inoculation, or vaccination, is a critical method in preventing disease. Vaccination dates back to 1000 CE where the Chinese utilized smallpox inoculation to prevent a future occurrence of the disease (History of Vaccines, 2017). A well-known use of vaccination was performed in 1796 where Edward Jenner inoculated a 13 year- old boy with cowpox to … Continue reading Vaccinations
The role of red blood cells is to carry oxygen. Just like anything in the body, this is tightly regulated by a mechanism that monitors whether or not there is adequate oxygen getting to tissues and other cells. Hypoxia is detected by the peritubular fibroblasts of the kidneys which causes erythropoietin (EPO) to be released. The EPO gene … Continue reading Erythropoietin (EPO)
The history of the DL antibody goes back to the 1900’s. It was one of the first recognized forms of immune mediated hemolysis and responsible for inducing Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria (PCH). PCH is a transient condition, meaning that it comes on when immunoglobulins (Antibodies) are formed in response to a viral, bacterial, or spirochete infection. … Continue reading Donath-Landsteiner Antibodies
Iron is an essential element for oxygen transport within hemoglobin. Oddly enough it is the element that is missed the most in regards to adequate intake and proper nutrition. Over 1.62 billion people in the world are effected by anemia, which is most commonly caused by iron deficiency. Iron deficiency can be caused by chronic … Continue reading Iron Deficiency and Microcytic Anemias