Renal Function Markers

Proper renal function is important in normal homeostasis as they excrete waste products and remove excess fluid through steps of excretion and reabsorption. The kidneys regulate the bodies electrolytes as well as produce hormones such as EPO that stimulates the bone marrow to produce erythrocytes. The kidneys produce a second hormone called renin from the … Continue reading Renal Function Markers

Case Study Mini-Series; Diagnostic Process and Treatment

Diagnostic workup of a suspected patient with APL should include a case history and physical examination with focus on bleeding tendencies, recurrent infections and anemic symptoms such as fatigue or pallor. A complete blood count with a differential should be performed. During a peripheral blood smear the technologist should be looking for abnormal promyelocytes with … Continue reading Case Study Mini-Series; Diagnostic Process and Treatment

Case Study Mini-Series; Diagnosis

The patient was diagnosed with subclinical DIC because complications from Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL) The characteristic chromosomal translocation of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia is the break and fusion of the PML gene located on chromosome 15 and the RARA gene located on chromosome 17. This results in a t(15;17) which is detectable in more than 90% … Continue reading Case Study Mini-Series; Diagnosis

37-year-old South American Male Case Study Mini-Series

The purpose of this mini-series is to get in the mind of a treating physician when a patient such as this presents to the clinic or the ED in this case. The first part of this series is the introduction of the case with case history and initial lab testing. Please don't hesitate to leave … Continue reading 37-year-old South American Male Case Study Mini-Series

Transfusion Reactions

The blood bank of any laboratory deals with a huge responsibility. They play a role in the initial compatibility testing of blood donor products and the recipient or patient serum. The patients serum contains naturally occurring antibodies or in certain circumstances where the patient has had a previous transfusion, the serum can contain alloantibodies that … Continue reading Transfusion Reactions