Erythropoietin (EPO)

The role of red blood cells is to carry oxygen. Just like anything in the body, this is tightly regulated by a mechanism that monitors whether or not there is adequate oxygen getting to tissues and other cells. Hypoxia is detected by the peritubular fibroblasts of the kidneys which causes erythropoietin (EPO) to be released. The EPO geneContinue reading Erythropoietin (EPO)

Laboratory Equation Guide

SI Units: The International System of Units is a system devised around the convenience of the number ten. It is the worlds most widely used system of measurement in science. Temperature SI Standard units are Kelvin (K) Celsius = K-273 Kelvin = Celsius+273 Temperature Conversions Celsius = 5/9 (F - 32) Fahrenheit = (9/5 x … Continue reading Laboratory Equation Guide


The major hemoglobin that is present in adults is hemoglobin A (HbA). This is a heterotetramer that consists of one pair of alpha-globin chains and one pair of beta-globin chains. Alpha-globin chains are encoded by two copies of the alpha gene present on chromosome 16. Beta-globin chains are driven by one gene on chromosome 11. … Continue reading Thalassemias

Non-Malignant Leukocyte Disorders

Non-Malignant simply means that it is localized to the leukocytes. Leukocytes are another name for the white blood cells, more specifically in the case of these disorders, the granulocytes. These disorders are fairly uncommon and are inherited. The following are ones that are found to distinct morphological features and affect the granulocyte functionality. Alder Reilly … Continue reading Non-Malignant Leukocyte Disorders

Blood Draw Tube Colors and Order

The tube order may not seem like a big deal and may seem unnecessary to some, but it is very important to pay attention too. It also matters as to what type of needle is being used for the draw. If a butterfly needle is being used it is important to have a spit tube … Continue reading Blood Draw Tube Colors and Order