Laboratory Equation Guide

SI Units: The International System of Units is a system devised around the convenience of the number ten. It is the worlds most widely used system of measurement in science. Temperature SI Standard units are Kelvin (K) Celsius = K-273 Kelvin = Celsius+273 Temperature Conversions Celsius = 5/9 (F - 32) Fahrenheit = (9/5 x … Continue reading Laboratory Equation Guide

Thalassemias

The major hemoglobin that is present in adults is hemoglobin A (HbA). This is a heterotetramer that consists of one pair of alpha-globin chains and one pair of beta-globin chains. Alpha-globin chains are encoded by two copies of the alpha gene present on chromosome 16. Beta-globin chains are driven by one gene on chromosome 11. … Continue reading Thalassemias

Non-Malignant Leukocyte Disorders

Non-Malignant simply means that it is localized to the leukocytes. Leukocytes are another name for the white blood cells, more specifically in the case of these disorders, the granulocytes. These disorders are fairly uncommon and are inherited. The following are ones that are found to distinct morphological features and affect the granulocyte functionality. Alder Reilly … Continue reading Non-Malignant Leukocyte Disorders

Blood Draw Tube Colors and Order

The tube order may not seem like a big deal and may seem unnecessary to some, but it is very important to pay attention too. It also matters as to what type of needle is being used for the draw. If a butterfly needle is being used it is important to have a spit tube … Continue reading Blood Draw Tube Colors and Order

Case Study Mini-Series; Diagnostic Process and Treatment

Diagnostic workup of a suspected patient with APL should include a case history and physical examination with focus on bleeding tendencies, recurrent infections and anemic symptoms such as fatigue or pallor. A complete blood count with a differential should be performed. During a peripheral blood smear the technologist should be looking for abnormal promyelocytes with … Continue reading Case Study Mini-Series; Diagnostic Process and Treatment