B-Cells and T-Cells

These specialized cells are a critical part of the bodies humoral immune system. They recognize foreign antigens or invaders and mount a quick response. B-cells act quickly by developing antibodies to the antigen epitopes. T-cells react based on what serological class they are in. If it is a CD8 T-cell, its cytotoxic and can quickly … Continue reading B-Cells and T-Cells

Serum Protein Electrophoresis (SPE)

Protein electrophoresis measures the specific proteins in the body by using electrical charge to separate them. Serum proteins are either albumin or they are globulins. Globulins are then further delegated into either gamma globulins or alpha-1, alpha-2, or beta globulins. The normal ranges for each protein fraction in the serum is as follows; Albumin: 3.6-5.2 … Continue reading Serum Protein Electrophoresis (SPE)